This is made plain in the first section by the contrasts involved.
Wisdom is personified as a righteous woman (, but usually the harlot, also called the strange woman, the simple woman, or the foolish woman, is held up as the opposite of personified righteousness.
But Christian hymns use the vehicles of poetry and song to express distinctively Christian thought and experience. Single-Verse Contrasts of Sin and Righteousness (10:1-) IV. Righteousness in Poems of Climax (30:1-) The first section of the book begins ( is the beginning of knowledge” and “wisdom.” Thus the wisdom extolled in Proverbs is not just a high degree of intelligence but a moral virtue.The marriage of Solomon to Pharaoh’s daughter may have led to his interest in such instruction. Individual literary features such as the , the X, X 1 pattern, and the long, connected discourses, have parallels in earlier Sem. The work appealed to readers already familiar with that literary form. Unity Since the book itself indicates that it is a collection, its unity is not bound up with its authorship. However, Proverbs expresses the idea in the phrase “the fear of Yahweh” (1:7; ; ; 16:6; 22:4), and in the phrase also found in the prophets, “the knowledge of God.” The two ideas are synonymously parallel (2:5; ). Fritsch, “The Book of Proverbs, Introduction and Exegesis,” IB, IV (1955), 767-779; W. Albright, “Some Canaanite-Phoenician Sources of Hebrew Wisdom,” Wisdom in Israel and in the Ancient Near East, ed. Damage has been done by some who find in the book merely a collection of ancient maxims for success—a kind of Actually the book is a compendium of moral instruction. And the vehicle of instruction is a favorite Semitic device—teaching by contrast.The style of Proverbs with its trenchant contrasts or more extended climactic poems can be paralleled in ancient literature in Egypt and Mesopotamia.